Krishna Dipankar Rao, PhD
Division: Health Systems
Center & Institute Affiliation(s):
PhD , Johns Hopkins School of Public Health , 2004
MSc , Cornell University , 1997
My research work broadly focuses on health systems in low and middle-income countries. I'm interested in finding ways to improve access to health services in resource poor areas and the application of research methods drawn from the social sciences and economics to seek solutions to these issues. I've primarily worked in Afghanistan and India. I am adjuct faculty at the Public Health Foundation of India, and visiting faculty at The Graduate Institute in Geneva, Switzerland. I also serve as an Assistant Editor of the International Journal for Equity in Health.
Within the area of health systems, I have largely worked on three areas - human resources, health services, and health financing. My work in human resources has primarily focused on the problem of recruiting and retaining health workers in rural areas. In the area of health financing, my recent research work has focused on the following areas - the burden of out-of-pocket payments for health care, community health financing schemes, and insurance programs in low and middle-income countries. Other health systems research includes studying the interactions between vertical programs and health systems, and universal health coverage (UHC) policies in low and middle-income countries.
In terms of research methods, my interest lie in techniques related to measuring process and structural quality of care, cost-effectiveness analysis, program impact evaluation techniques, household survey methods, and the application of microeconomics to health.
Honors and Awards
Outstanding teacher recognition for course ‘Financing Health Systems in Low and Middle Income Countries’ at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (2011. 2012)
International Health, Health systems, human resources, health financing, quality measurement, cost-effectiveness, health economics.
Rao, K.D., Petrosyan, V., Aarujo, E.C., & McIntyre, D. (2014). Progress towards universal health coverage in BRICS: translating healthy economic growth into better health. Bulletin of the WHO, 92(6), 429-433. doi: 10.2471/BLT.13.127951
Rao, K.D., Ryan, M., Shroff, Z., Vujicic, M., Ramani, S., & Berman, P. (2013). Rural clinician scarcity and job preferences of doctors and nurses in India: a discrete choice experiment. PLoS One, 8,12. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082984.
Rao, K.D., Sundararaman, T., Bhatnagar, A., Gupta, G., Kokho, P., & Jain, K. (2013). Which doctor for primary health care? Quality of care and non-physician clinicians in India. Social Science and Medicine, 84, 30-34. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.02.018.
Rao, M., Rao, K.D., Kumar, S., & others. (2011). Health for all and the human resource crisis. Lancet, 337(9765), 587-598.
Sharawat, R., & Rao, K.D. (2011). Insured yet vulnerable: out-of-pocket payments and India’s poor. Health Policy and Planning, 27(3):213-21. doi: 10.1093/heapol/czr029.
Selected publications from the last five years