Jennifer A. Schrack, PhD
- Assistant Professor
- Division: Epidemiology of Aging
Center & Institute Affiliations
- Center for AIDS Research
- Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study
- Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research
615 N. Wolfe Street
Baltimore, Maryland 21205
PhD, BSPH, 2011
MS, University of Michigan, 2002
Dr. Schrack's primary area of research is the epidemiological assessment of physical activity energy expenditure and its associations with functional decline and disability in older populations.
Physical activity is a modifiable risk factor for functional decline, disease development, and disability in older populations. The advent of accelerometers presents an unprecedented opportunity to better understand daily physical activity quantities, patterns, and trends, and the subsequent effects on health outcomes. These technologically advanced monitors have the potential to ultimately transform physical activity research and to be widely used as preventative therapy tools.
In collaboration with the SMART group (http://www.smart-stats.org/) from the JHSPH department of biostatistics, Dr. Schrack is working to establish methods to analyze and translate heart rate and accelerometry data into accurate and reliable measures of physical activity in older populations. This work is crucial to understanding changes in energy expenditure and physical function with age and for managing and treating chronic conditions in older adults.
Honors and Awards
2014 - 2017 K01 Career Development Award, National Institute on Aging
2014 - 2015 Johns Hopkins Roybal Center Faculty Pilot Award
2013 - 2015 Johns Hopkins Center for AIDS Research Faculty Development Award
2011 - 2012 National Institute on Aging Intramural Postdoctoral Fellowship
2007 – 2011 National Institute on Aging Epidemiology and Biostatistics of Aging Training Grant Fellow, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
- Schrack JA, Cooper R, Koster A, Shiroma EJ, Murabito JM, Rejeski WJ, Ferrucci L, Harris TB. Assessing Daily Physical Activity in Older Adults: Unraveling the Complexity of Monitors, Measures, and Methods. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016 March 8. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 26967472
- Schrack JA, Zipunnikov V, Goldsmith AJ, Crainiceanu CM, Simonsick EM, Ferrucci L. Assessing the “Physical Cliff”: Detailed Quantification of Physical Activity and Aging. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2014 Aug;69(8):973-9. PMID: 24336819.
- Schrack JA, Zipunnikov V, Crainiceanu C. Electronic devices and applications to track physical activity. JAMA. 2015 May 26;313(20):2079-80. PMID:26010643
- Schrack JA, Zipunnikov V, Simonsick EM, Studenski S, Ferrucci L. Rising Energetic Cost of Walking Predicts Gait Speed Decline with Aging. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 2016 Feb 5. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 26850913
- Schrack JA, Althoff KN, Jacobson LP, Erlandson KM, Jamieson BD, Koletar SL, Phair J, Ferrucci L, Brown TT, Margolick JB. Accelerated Longitudinal Gait Speed Decline in HIV-Infected Older Men. JAIDS, 2015 Dec 1;70(4):370-6. PMID: 26102450
- Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging
- MACS Energy Expenditure Study