David W. Dowdy, MD
- Associate Professor
- Division: Infectious Disease Epidemiology
- Division: Global Disease Epidemiology and Control
- School of Medicine (Joint)
Center & Institute Affiliations
- Center for AIDS Research
- Center for Clinical Global Health Education
- Center for Global Health
- Center for Tuberculosis Research
615 N. Wolfe Street
Baltimore, Maryland 21205
MD, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 2008
PhD, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2008
ScM, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2002
BS, Duke University, 1999
I am a junior investigator in the field of infectious disease epidemiology, and also a practicing general internist. My interdisciplinary research lies at the nexus of infectious disease modeling, health economics, operational and implementation science, and classical epidemiology. My primary interests are:
(1) Dynamic modeling and economic evaluation of TB and TB/HIV: My greatest research passion is evaluating the implementation and scale-up of TB and HIV control interventions, especially diagnostic and case-finding strategies. I combine methods from traditional epidemiology, cost-effectiveness analysis, and epidemic modeling with the aim of answering questions of relevance to patients and policy-makers. I serve on the steering committee of the Gates Foundation-funded TB-Modeling and Analysis Consortium (TB-MAC) and direct two NIH-funded projects related to modeling the scale-up of TB diagnostic tests. I currently work with collaborators on projects based in Malawi, South Africa, Uganda, India, Zambia, Brazil, Canada, and the United States.
(2) Translational epidemiology: I have great interest in creating modeling frameworks that allow decision-makers to translate epidemiological data into effective decisions. I welcome collaboration from researchers, clinicians, or students having expertise in any field, who hope to create models to translate epidemiological data into meaningful policy, practical, or clinical decisions.
(3) Implementation science: I am interested not only in how interventions operate in idealized settings, but also improving how they are implemented in the real world. Generally, implementation barriers are greater than theoretical scientific ones; I think it is critical to conduct research that will help us overcome them.
(4) Teaching and mentorship: These are essential, and often-undervalued, skills in the field of epidemiology. If our profession is to continue its record of success, I firmly believe that we need to train future leaders how to teach and mentor others, and also to do our best to serve as role models in that regard.
Honors and Awards
Awards since 2008:
2015 Excellence in Mentoring Award
2014 Golden Apple Teaching Award (large class)
2013 Advising, Mentoring, and Teaching Recognition Award (AMTRA), JHSPH
2012 B. Frank and Kathleen Polk Assistant Professor of Epidemiology
2012 Young Investigator Prize, International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
2011 Tom Evans Teaching Award, Internal Medicine Residency Program, UCSF
2010 Diane Becker Award in Clinical Epidemiology and Prevention, Johns Hopkins GIM Housestaff Research Award
2010 Floyd Rector Clinical Science Research Award, Internal Medicine Residency Program, UCSF
2010 Teaching Excellence Award for Cherished Housestaff (TEACH), UCSF School of Medicine
2009 Julius Krevans Award for Outstanding Housestaff Service, San Francisco General Hospital
2008 Warfield T. Longcope Prize in Clinical Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
2008 David E. Rogers Award for Professionalism, Ethics, & Community, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
2008 Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Society
2008 Arthur M. Dannenberg, Jr. Award for Tuberculosis Research
- infectious diseases
- mathematical modeling
- implementation science
- infectious disease dynamics
- health economics
Publications from March-June 2016:
- Bronner Murrison L, Ananthakrishnan R, Swaminathan A, Auguesteen S, Krishnan N, Pai M, Dowdy DW. How do patients access the private sector in Chennai, India? An evaluation of delays in tuberculosis diagnosis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2016 Apr;20(4):544-51.
- Shrestha S, Chatterjee S, Rao KD, Dowdy DW. Potential impact of spatially targeted adult tuberculosis vaccine in Gujarat, India. J R Soc Interface. 2016 Mar;13(116).
- Hanrahan CF, Haguma P, Ochom E, Kinera I, Cobelens F, Cattamanchi A, Davis L, Katamba A, Dowdy D. Implementation of Xpert MTB/RIF in Uganda: Missed Opportunities to Improve Diagnosis of Tuberculosis. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2016 May 12;3(2):ofw068.
- Bronner Murrison L, Ananthakrishnan R, Sukumar S, Augustine S, Krishnan N, Pai M, Dowdy DW. Use of Rapid, Point-of-Care Assays by Private Practitioners in Chennai, India: Priorities for Tuberculosis Diagnostic Testing. PLoS One. 2016 Jun 15;11(6):e0155775.
- Jha S, Ismail N, Clark D, Lewis JJ, Omar S, Dreyer A, Chihota V, Churchyard G, Dowdy DW. Cost-Effectiveness of Automated Digital Microscopy for Diagnosis of Active Tuberculosis. PLoS One. 2016 Jun 20;11(6):e0157554.
- Comparative Cost-Effectiveness of TB Contact Tracing in Geographic "Hotspots"
- Comparative Effectiveness of TB Diagnostics in Uganda
- Comparative Effectiveness/Implementation of TB Case Finding in Rural South...
- Epidemiological Impact of Geographically Targeted Strategies
- Impact of Hotspot-Targeted Vaccine Strategies
- Impact of TB Prevention in New York City
- Modeling the public health impact, affordability and cost-effectiveness of HIV
- Modeling the Reproducibility of Blood Assays for TB Infection
- Pathways to Private-Sector TB Diagnosis in India
- Simulation of HIV Epidemic among Baltimore’s MSM
- TB Modelling and Analysis Consortium (TB-MAC)
- UCSF-GIVI Center for AIDS Research
- User-Friendly Models of TB Diagnostic Strategies
- WO 10: Modeling Impact for Novel TB Drug Regimens