Carl Latkin

Carl Latkin


Departmental Affiliation(s):

Epidemiology (Joint)
Health, Behavior and Society (Primary)

Contact Information

624 N. Broadway
Hampton House 737
Baltimore , Maryland   21205



PhD, University of Oregon, 1987


HIV prevention and care among disadvantaged populations, domestic and international approaches to behavior change, social and personal network analysis, neighborhood factors and health behaviors, injection drug users, STIs, alcohol, harm reduction, mental health, social support, social context and risk behavior, integrating qualitative and quantitative methods.

Research Interests

Health Behavior and Society HIV HCV social networks AIDS prevention drug users urban health needle exchange overdose social context mental health social networks neighborhoods alcohol MSM opiates


  • Latkin CA, Curry AD, Hua W, Davey MA. (2007). Direct and indirect associations of neighborhood disorder with drug use and high-risk sexual partners. Am J Prev Med. 32: 234-41. Davey-Rothwell MA, Latkin CA. (2007). HIV-Related Communication and Perceived Norms: An Analysis of the Connection Among Injection Drug Users. AIDS Educ Prev. 19(4):298-309. Williams CT, Latkin CA. (2007). Neighborhood socioeconomic status, personal network attributes, and use of heroin and cocaine. Am J Prev Med. 32, 203-10. Tobin KE, Hua W, Costenbader EC, Latkin CA. (2007). The association between change in social network characteristics and non-fatal overdose: results from the SHIELD study in Baltimore, MD, USA. Drug Alcohol Depend. 23;87(1):63-8. Davey MA, Latkin CA, Hua W, Tobin KE, Strathdee S. (2007). Individual and social network factors that predict entry to drug treatment. Am J Addict. 16:38-45. Knowlton, A., & Latkin, C. (2007). Network financial support and conflict as predictors of depressive symptoms among a highly disadvantaged population. J of Community Psych, 35, 13-28. Mitchell, S., Peterson, J., & Latkin, C. (2006). The Impact of Drug Use on Perceptions of Credibility in Indigenous Outreach Workers. Qualitative Health Research, 16, 1108-1119. Howard, D., & Latkin, C. (2006). Bridge Over Troubled Waters: Factors Associated With Non-Injection Drug Users Having Injection Drug-Using Sex Partners. JAIDS, 42, 325-330. Latkin CA, Davey MA, Hua W. (2006). Needle exchange program utilization and entry into drug user treatment: is there a long-term connection in Baltimore, Maryland? Subst Use Misuse. 41:1991-2001. Latkin CA, Davey MA, Hua W. (2006) Social context of needle selling in Baltimore, Maryland. Subst Use and Misuse. 41:901-13. Yang X, Latkin C, Celentano D, Luo H. (2006) Prevalence and Correlates of HIV Risk Behaviors among Drug Users in China. AIDS Behav, Jan, 10 (1), 71-81. Latkin, C.A and Knowlton, A.R. (2005). Microstructural approaches to HIV prevention: A social ecological perspective. AIDS Care 17:S102-S113. Latkin, C.A., Williams, C., Wang, J., Curry, A.D. (2005). Neighborhood social disorder as a determinant of drug injection behaviors: A structural equation modeling approach. Health Psychology 24:96-100. Latkin, C.A., Hua, W., Davey, M. (2005). Exploring the role of needle selling in a drug-using community in Baltimore, Maryland. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome 38: 57-60. Latkin, C.A., Hua, W. and Forman, V.L. (2004). The relationship between social network characteristics and exchanging sex for drugs or money among drug users in Baltimore, Maryland, International Journal of STDs and AIDS. 73(1):61-67. Latkin, C.A. Forman-Hoffman, V., D’Souza G., Knowlton, A. (2004). Associations between medical services use and HIV risk among HIV seropositive drug users in Baltimore, MD. AIDS Care. 16(7):901-908. Latkin, C.A., Hua, W. Davey, M. (2004). Factors associated with peer HIV prevention advocacy in drug using communities. AIDS Education & Prevention. 16, 499-508 Latkin, C.A., Hua, W., Tobin, K. (2004). Social network correlates of a history of non-fatal overdose. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 73(1):61-67. Latkin, C.A., Sherman, S., and Knowlton, A.R. (2003). HIV Prevention among Drug Users: Outcome of a Network-Oriented Peer Outreach Intervention. Health Psychology. 22(4):332-9. Latkin, C.A., Tobin, K.A., and Gilbert, S. (2003). Shun or support: The role of religious behaviors and HIV-related health care among drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. AIDS and Behavior, 6(4):321-329. Latkin, C. A., Forman, V., Knowlton, A. K., Sherman, S. (2003). Norms, social networks, and HIV-related risk behaviors among urban disadvantaged drug users. Social Science and Medicine. 56(3):465-76. Latkin, C.A. and Curry, A. (2003). Stressful neighborhoods and depression: A prospective study of the impact of neighborhood disorder. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 44(1):34-44. Fuller, C.M., Vlahov, D., Latkin, C.A., Ompad, D.C., Celentano, D.D., Strathdee, S.A. (2003). Social Circumstances of Initiation of Injection Drug Use and Early Shooting Gallery Attendance: Implications for HIV Intervention Among Adolescent and Young Adult Injection Drug Users. J Acquire Immune Def Syndromes. 1;32(1):86-93. Tobin KE, Latkin CA. (2003). The relationship between depressive symptoms and nonfatal overdose among a sample of drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. Journal of Urban Health, 80(2):220-9. Dickson-Gomez J, Knowlton A, Latkin C. (2003). Hoppers and Oldheads: Qualitative evaluation of a volunteer AIDS outreach intervention. AIDS and Behavior, 7(3):303-315. Latkin CA, Curry AD. (2003). Stressful neighborhoods and depression: a prospective study of the impact of neighborhood disorder. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 44(1):34-44. Safaeian, M, Brookmeyer, R., Vlahov D, Latkin, C, Strathdee, S. (2002) The Validity of Self-Reported Needle Exchange Attendance. American Journal of Epidemiology. 15;155(2):169-75 Crape, B, Latkin, C, Laris, A, Knowlton, A. (2002). Narcotics Anonymous and church: An epidemiological investigation of abstinence. Alcohol and Drug Dependence Feb 1;65(3):291-301 Sherman SG, Latkin CA. (2002) Drug users' involvement in the drug economy: implications for harm reduction and HIV prevention programs. J Urban Health. 79(2):266-77. Schroeder, JR Latkin, CA Hoover, D, Knowlton, AR, Curry, A. Celentano. (2001). Illicit drug use by one’s social network and in the neighborhood predict individual heroin and cocaine use. Annals of Epidemiology. 11(6):389-94. Schroeder, JR, Latkin, CA, Hoover, D, Knowlton, AR, Zenilman, J, Strathdee, S, Celentano, DD. (2001). Social factors related to Antiretroviral Therapy use in injection drug users. AIDS and Behavior. 5:366-369 Knowlton , AR, Latkin, CA, Schroeder, JR, Hoover, DR, Ensminger, M, Celentano, DD. (2001). Longitudinal predictors of depressive symptoms among low income injection drug users. AIDS Care. 13(5): 549-59. Latkin, CA, Knowlton, AK, Hoover, D, Hachey, M, Celentano, DD. (2001). The use of Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) modeling to examine network correlates of disclosure of HIV serostatus. AIDS and Behavior Sherman, S, Latkin, C.A.(2001) Social factors related to syringe sharing among injecting partners: a focus on gender. Substance Use & Misuse. 36(14):2113-36 Knowlton, AR, Chung, SE, Latkin, CA, Hoover, DR, Celentano, DD, Vlahov, D. (2001). Access to medical care and service utilization among illicit drug users with HIV/AIDS. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 64(1):55-62 Latkin, CA, Knowlton, AR, Sherman, S. (2001). Routes of drug administration, differential affiliation, and stable lifestyle among cocaine and opiate users: Implications to HIV prevention. Journal of Substance Abuse. 13(1-2):89-102. Latkin, CA, Forman, VF. (2001). Patterns of needle acquisition and sociobehavioral correlates of Needle Exchange Program attendance in Baltimore, MD. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Aug 1;27(4):398-404. Sherman SG, Latkin CA. (2001) Intimate relationship characteristics associated with condom use among drug users and their sex partners: a multilevel analysis. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 64(1):97-104. Pilowsky DJ, Knowlton AR, Latkin CA, Hoover DR, Chung SE, Celentano DD. (2001) Children of injection drug users: impact of parental HIV status, AIDS, and depression. Journal of Urban Health.78(2):327-39.